On Tuesday, the Montana Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision striking down the entirety of an anti-immigrant law, which was placed on the 2012 ballot by the Montana legislature and approved by 80% of voters. The law, known as LR-121, would have denied a wide variety of state services to so-called “illegal aliens,” including crime victim services, infant hearing screenings, and the ability to attend a public university. It would have also required that state agencies report these applicants to immigration authorities. The law defined “illegal aliens” so broadly that it included numerous Montanans who are in this country with valid legal status.
Before the law went into effect, the Montana Immigrant Justice Alliance (“MIJA”) challenged it as an unlawful state-level regulation of immigration that would have wrongly denied state services to non-citizens with valid immigration status.
In 2014, a district court granted summary judgment in MIJA’s favor, and found that most of LR-121 was unconstitutional. However, the district court allowed one provision, mandating reporting to immigration authorities, to stand. The State of Montana appealed the district court decision to the Montana Supreme Court. In its unanimous decision, the Montana Supreme Court went one step further than the district court and invalidated the reporting provision as well, rendering the entirety of the law unconstitutional.
“The law was a discriminatory attempt to drive immigrants out of the state, and would have unjustly targeted immigrants with valid federal immigration status,” Mr. Haque-Hausrath said. “The Montana Supreme Court has sent a clear message that the state has no business attempting to create its own immigration enforcement schemes.”
“The legislature ignored its own legislative services division’s warnings that the law was unconstitutional, and wasted state resources defending this unconstitutional law,” Mr. Miller said. “The court’s decision protects vulnerable immigrant populations from discrimination by state agencies in the provision of important services.”